PROFIL PARIWISATA BULELENG
The Regency of Buleleng is situated in the northern part of Bali and the largest area among eights regencies in Bali. Geographically, it is on the hill, covering almost one third of the Bali area. On the alluvial slopes of the hills covered in rich volcanic ash which is rich with mountain streams, tropical forest, coffee, clove plantations, prehistoric tree-ferns, wildflowers, creepers and orchids. While on the plain, rice, soybeans, peanuts, maze and tobacco are planted. On the north, Buleleng is bordered by a stretch of coast line of around 144 kilometers in length. Generally, the beaches consist of black coloured sand. For those who dislike the colour of the sand, this colour is off-set by its calm sea suitable for skin-diving and snorkeling to enjoy coral reefs teeming with a variety of colourful tropical fish, just a few meters off the shore.
Two lakes appears to be a twin lake, Lake Buyan and Tamblingan are located in the Regency Buleleng.
Compared with the south, the north receives less rain due to its location on the rain shadow of the mountain ranges.
Based on the chronicle, Buleleng used to be a maritime kingdom around 14th century. It is believed that Buleleng was founded by Ki Barak Panji Sakti where he built his palace where Singaraja is today. In 1814, Dutch sent their first military expedition, alarmed by the increasing involvement of the British in the region. Singaraja became the Dutch capital of Bali. Buleleng seaport was the entrance gate for those who came to Bali by ship. Tourists who visited Bali used to disembark here and then went to the south of Bali by cars. In 1959 the Province of Nusa Tenggara was divided into three provinces namely the Province of Bali, Nusa Tenggara Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Timur. The capital of the Province Bali was moved to the south that is Denpasar leaving Singaraja as the capital of the Regency of Buleleng.
Generally speaking, Buleleng tends to be less humid than the south of Bali. During the dry season, dry, hot clear days are the norm with the average temperatures of 82 degrees F (27,8 degree C). During the night a welcome breeze descends from the highlands.
The rainy season is between November and March. The prevailing winds during this period are North Westerly, and intermittent gales can cause the sea to be choppy making it less suitable for water sports. Yearly average rainfall varies from area to area, depending on the altitude.
The beaches in North Bali are, in the main composed of black sand. During the dry season the sea can often give appearance of a large lake, the waves gently lapping the seashore. Coral reefs just of shore are plantiful, teeming with countless types of multicoloured tropical fish. These reefs, due to the nature of the sea, are easily accessible.
Most of the Northern beaches have no strong current or tidal waves making them ideal for children and those people who like to idle around the water.
To the east of Singaraja towards Seririt, during the dry season, magnificent sunset can be witnessed, the old volcanoes of East Java providing a spectacular backdrop, appearing to rise out of the sea on the horizon. As darkness falls, fishermen in their traditional Jukung (dugout canoes) far out at sea light their lanterns in order to lure the fist closer for netting.
Buleleng is one of among eight regencies in Bali. Due to its location, it almost covering one third of the total area of Bali. Its border touches all regencies in Bali except Badung and Klungkung.
The regency of Buleleng is divided again in 9 Kecamatan (administrative region direct under Bupati which is headed by a Camat). Each Kecamatan is divided further into Desa (Village) headed by a Kepala Desa (head of the village) and Kelurahan (equivalent with village generally located in town) headed by a Lurah. There are 127 desas and 19 Kelurahan in Buleleng. The lowest unit of the hierarchy of the local government system is banjar (Hamlet) headed by a Kelian Banjar (Head of the Hamlet).
Same as the other regencies in Bali, each village in Buleleng has three temples as well; Pura Desa, Pura Puseh and Pura Dalem. These temples are known as Kahyangan Tiga and for the members of the village where they are situated.
Pura Desa, the civil temples where the main celebrations are held and where the Bale Agung is located, or Pura Puseh, the Navel, the ancient shrine of the earlier days of the community, Pura Dalem dedicated to the dead, out in the cemetery and Pura Segara is the temple of the sea. These temples are known as Kahyangan Tiga and are for the members of the village where they are situated. It is highly advisable to wear a sash when attending ceremonies or entering temples in short trousers.
Art and Culture
Throughout the world Bali is well known for its unique art and culture. It would be wrong to think you have seen the whole island of Bali without visiting this regency, the reason being that Buleleng is distinctive and full of contrast. Many travelers through this region have agreed with this opinion. Watch the intricate carving, dynamic style on the walls of northern temples, humorous scenes on several temples carvings such as a Dutch man drinking a beer, armed robbery, an old airplane, etc. to make them more attractive many carving have been painted bright blue, white, red and yellow. The dynamic style can also be found in northern dancing. “Tari Teruna Jaya”, a popular dance with its dynamic movements was invented in Buleleng.
Generally is North Bali, a performance is held for religious purpose, for the enjoyment of the community and the fund raising activity. It is conducted by the villagers. The money collected is used to finance the development of the village. Here are some theatres you can find in Buleleng:
- Joged ( a social dance created mainly for entertainment)
- Wayang ( shadow play)
- Genjek ( a performance accompanies the music which is created vocally by a group of 16-20 people)
- Genggong (an old Balinese musical which is made of skin of palm-leaf stem)
- Janger (a performance danced by two rows of boys and girls, singing in turn while they are dancing)
- Wayang Wong (a performance dance of Ramayana and Mahabharata story. All of the dancers in this performance are wearing wooden masks)